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Carbon nanotubes as catalyst for the aerobic oxidation of cumene to cumene hydroperoxide

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39666 45831 2014 8 PDF Available
Title
Carbon nanotubes as catalyst for the aerobic oxidation of cumene to cumene hydroperoxide
Abstract

•Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) exhibits high activity for cumene to cumene hydroperoxide.•Cumene oxidation catalyzed by CNTs is proved a radical-involved reaction.•The surface functional groups and defects are unfavorable for the catalytic activity.•CNTs as a metal-free catalyst for the liquid-phase oxidation displays good stability.

The effective oxidation reaction system using the commercial carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as catalysts for the liquid aerobic oxidation of cumene to cumene hydroperoxide (CHP) under low temperature is reported in this paper. Several reaction parameters, including the temperature, catalyst content, oxygen flow rate and reaction time were carefully studied. Under optimal conditions, cumene conversion of 24.1% with CHP selectivity of 88.4%, close to that of metal catalyst, was obtained. Cumene oxidation catalyzed by CNTs was proved a radical-involved reaction, and the outstanding catalytic performance was attributed to CHP decomposition catalyzed by CNTs to produce free radicals. Oxygenated functional groups on the surface of catalyst showed a negative effect on cumene oxidation due to the localization of electrons after the introducing of defects and oxygenated functional groups. CNTs as catalysts also showed desirable recyclability after five cycling tests. This study not only provides an applicable method for selective oxidation of cumene to CHP, but also gives some useful information on catalytic role of CNTs-catalyzed liquid-phase oxidation reactions of aromatic hydrocarbons.

Graphical abstractThe commercial carbon nanotubes (CNTs) exhibited high activity and good stability for the liquid aerobic oxidation of cumene to cumene hydroperoxide (CHP) under low temperature.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (169 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Cumene; Catalytic oxidation; Carbon nanotubes; Cumene hydroperoxide
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Carbon nanotubes as catalyst for the aerobic oxidation of cumene to cumene hydroperoxide
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 478, 20 May 2014, Pages 1–8
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us