Fabrication of Ni–Al nanoparticles via vacuum arc plasma evaporation and their catalytic properties for CO oxidation
•Ni–Al nanoparticles were fabricated using vacuum arc plasma evaporation.•The Ni–Al nanoparticles were composed of Ni and Ni3Al, with Al2O3 and NiO phases formed on their surfaces.•The Ni–Al nanoparticles exhibited high catalytic activities for CO oxidation which were comparable to that of Pt-based catalysts.•The Ni phase was oxidized to NiO, while the Ni3Al phase remained unchanged during CO oxidation.•The NiO phase is likely to serve as an active species for CO oxidation.
Ni–Al nanoparticles were fabricated from Ni3Al-based alloys using vacuum arc plasma evaporation, and their catalytic activities for carbon monoxide (CO) oxidation were examined. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized in detail using synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction analyses, scanning transmission electron microscopy, and surface area measurements based on nitrogen adsorption. The as-fabricated nanoparticles were composed of Ni, Ni3Al, and a small amount of NiAl, with Al2O3 and NiO phases formed on their surfaces. The nanoparticles exhibited a much higher activity than that of a conventional atomized Ni3Al powder. It was found that the Ni phase is oxidized to NiO during CO oxidation, while the Ni3Al phase remains unchanged. It is likely that the NiO phase serves as the active species for CO oxidation, and the Ni3Al and Al2O3 phases serve as supports for the NiO phase.
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Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 478, 20 May 2014, Pages 165–174