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Selective dehydrogenation of propane to propene with O2–H2 on bifunctional Pt-H3PMo12O40 catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39701 45832 2014 7 PDF Available
Title
Selective dehydrogenation of propane to propene with O2–H2 on bifunctional Pt-H3PMo12O40 catalysts
Abstract

•Propene can be obtained selectively from propane over Pt-H3PMo12O40 catalysts.•High rate of dehydrogenation at a low temperature with O2–H2.•Simple catalyst preparation, stable activity, and good reproducibility of properties.

Properties of Pt/SiO2 catalysts modified by a heteropoly acid (HPA) were studied in oxidative dehydrogenation of propane with an O2 and H2 mixture. The catalysts were characterized with N2 adsorption, IRS, XPS, and HAADF-STEM coupled with EDX, and the possibility for Pt and HPA to be highly dispersed and well-mixed on the silica surface has been shown. In the presence of O2 and H2, propene could be obtained at temperatures as low as 150 °C, but heating to 200 °C provided much better selectivity (up to 94–96% at propane conversion of 2–4%). The process probably proceeded through oxidation of propane with peroxo species to C3-alcohols on Pt sites, followed by dehydration of the alcohols on the acid sites of HPA. The catalytic properties were strongly dependent both on the feed composition (the C3H8/H2/O2/N2 ratio) and on the composition of catalysts, optimum HPA loading being 20–30 wt.% at 0.2–1 wt.% of Pt. Under optimal operating conditions, a space time yield of propene was at a level of 420 g kgcat−1 h−1, without a tendency to decline with time on stream.

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Keywords
Dehydrogenation; Propane; Propene; Oxygen; Hydrogen; Platinum
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Selective dehydrogenation of propane to propene with O2–H2 on bifunctional Pt-H3PMo12O40 catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 477, 5 May 2014, Pages 1–7
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us