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The remote oxidation of soot separated by ash deposits via silver–ceria composite catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39771 45835 2014 8 PDF Available
Title
The remote oxidation of soot separated by ash deposits via silver–ceria composite catalysts
Abstract

•Impact of ash deposition on catalysis of soot oxidation with gaseous O2 was studied.•Ag–CeO2 composites catalyzed remote oxidation of soot separated by the deposition.•The remote oxidation effect extended across an ash thickness of more than 50 μm.•A possible mechanism for this phenomenon involving a superoxide species was proposed.

One of the main issues of catalyzed diesel particulate filter is ash deposition onto catalyst coated on the filter. The effects of ash deposition on the catalysis of soot oxidation with gaseous oxygen were determined using multi-layered samples composed of a catalyst, an ash material and soot particles deposited on a thin cordierite plate in sequence. Catalysts composed of silver and ceria were used to enhance the oxidation of soot particles separated from the catalyst by ash deposits of either alumina or calcium sulfate. The effectiveness of remote soot oxidation was found to extend across an ash thickness of more than 50 μm for both ash materials, although a catalyst composed only of ceria did not show any catalytic performance for remote soot oxidation. Using an 18O/16O isotopic exchange reaction and electron spin resonance techniques, a possible mechanism for this phenomenon was proposed, whereby a superoxide ion (O2−) species generated on the catalyst surface first migrates to the ash surface and then to the soot particles, which it subsequently oxidizes.

Graphical abstractIn a new phenomenon referred to as remote catalysis, silver–ceria composites catalyzed the oxidation of soot particles from which they were separated by alumina or calcium sulphate ash deposits. The remote oxidation effect was found to extend across an ash thickness of more than 50 μm.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (222 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Soot oxidation; Ash deposition; Remote catalysis; Silver; Ceria
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The remote oxidation of soot separated by ash deposits via silver–ceria composite catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 476, 22 April 2014, Pages 113–120
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us