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Chemoselective O- versus C-alkylation of substituted phenols with cyclohexene over mesoporous ZSM-5

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39803 45836 2014 7 PDF Available
Title
Chemoselective O- versus C-alkylation of substituted phenols with cyclohexene over mesoporous ZSM-5
Abstract

•Selectivity of O- and C-alkylated products varied with controllable mesoporosity.•Enhanced mesoporosity affected the external acid sites.•Selectivity of C-alkylated products increased with increase in external acid sites.•C-alkylated products are predominant product over mesoporous ZSM-5.•Microporous ZSM-5 mainly showed O-alkylated products due to diffusion limitation.

Chemoselective O- versus C-alkylation of substituted phenols such as phenol, p-cresol, and guaiacol with cyclohexene were investigated over various ZSM-5 catalysts with different degree of mesoporosity and external acidity such as mesoporous ZSM-5 synthesized by microwave induced assembly via electrostatic interaction between sulfonic acid, functionalized or non-functionalized ZSM-5 nanozeolites and counter cationic surfactant, and hydrothermal synthesized microporous ZSM-5 with or without sulfonic acid functionalization and surfactant. The selectivity of O- and C-alkylated products varied with different degree of mesoporosity. The selectivity of C-alkylated products increased with increasing mesopore volume and external acid sites, whereas that of O-alkylated product decreased. The mesoporous ZSM-5 synthesized under microwave via sulfonic acid functionalization showed not only the highest mesoporosity and external acid sites but also the best catalytic activity and selectivity of C-alkylated products, whereas the other ZSM-5 catalysts mainly produced O-alkylated products due to diffusion limitation of bulky product.

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Keywords
Chemoselective; Alkylation; Mesoporous ZSM-5; Mesoporosity; Substituted phenols
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Chemoselective O- versus C-alkylation of substituted phenols with cyclohexene over mesoporous ZSM-5
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 472, 22 February 2014, Pages 184–190
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us