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Carbon nanotube/titanium nanotube composites loaded platinum nanoparticles as high performance photocatalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39821 45837 2014 8 PDF Available
Title
Carbon nanotube/titanium nanotube composites loaded platinum nanoparticles as high performance photocatalysts
Abstract

•Pt/TNT-MWCNT nanocomposite was synthesized via hydrothermal-deposition method.•Pt/TNT-MWCNT had higher adsorption and visible light activity than Pt/TNT and Pt/graphene.•The difference in activity between Pt/TNT-MWCNT and Pt/graphene was well evaluated.

The multi-walled carbon nanotubes, titania nanotubes, and Pt metal (Pt/TNT-MWCT) hybrids; synthesized via hydrothermal-deposition methods, were tested toward photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue (MB) dye under visible light (λ > 420 nm) in comparison with the binary hybrid Pt/TNT and Pt/graphene photocatalysts. These catalysts were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV–vis diffuse reflectance (DRUV–vis), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), N2 sorptiometry, photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) attached with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). DRUV–vis analysis confirmed the enhancement in the absorption of Pt/TNT following MWCNT incorporation. TEM images showed the coverage of MWCNTs by brookite TNT that has been substantiated by EDX. The higher photo-activity of Pt/TNT-MWCNT (100% degradation in 140 min under visible irradiation) was attributable to the better contact between MWCNT and TNT; exhibited via formation of the TiOC bond, which promoted the charge separation and electron transportation. Reduced charge recombination was evidenced for Pt containing samples and a further reduction was existed following MWCNTs incorporation; as investigated by PL measurements. The adsorption of MB by MWCNTs played major role in the removal efficiency. On the other hand, Pt/graphene presented appreciable activity, however, lower than Pt/TNT-MWCNT both in UV and vis light spectral regions due to decreasing the photocatalytic effect of the former than that of the latter. A mechanism for the MB oxidation was proposed based on the obtained results.

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Keywords
Pt/TNT-MWCNT; Pt/graphene; Characterization; MB degradation; Mechanism
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Carbon nanotube/titanium nanotube composites loaded platinum nanoparticles as high performance photocatalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 475, 5 April 2014, Pages 90–97
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us