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Production of phenols from catalytic conversion of lignin over a tungsten phosphide catalyst

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39877 45838 2014 7 PDF Available
Title
Production of phenols from catalytic conversion of lignin over a tungsten phosphide catalyst
Abstract

•Tungsten phosphide was used in the selective production of phenols from lignin.•Hot compressed water–ethanol was used as the solvent.•6.70 wt% monophenols was obtained.•Activated carbon supported tungsten phosphide shows the best.•Doping with Fe and Ni improve phenol selectivity.

Production of phenols from alkaline lignin over a tungsten phosphide catalyst in a hot compressed water–ethanol mixed solvent is examined. The small molecular products mainly consist of five phenols, i.e. 2-methoxy-phenol (guaiacol), 2-methoxy-4-methyl-phenol, 2-methoxy-4-ethyl-phenol, 2-methoxy-4-acetyl-phenol and 2-methoxy-4-propyl-phenol. The activated carbon supported catalyst gives the highest overall phenols yield, 67.0 mg/g lignin, while the catalysts with other supports exhibit much lower overall yield. Ni and Fe doping of the tungsten phosphide improve phenols selectivity but lower the overall phenols yield. In addition, the result of MALDI-TOF analysis indicates that a longer reaction time leads to the formation of polymers with molecular weights of m/z 701–1040 due to the re-polymerization reactions. Therefore, the yield of the monophenols decreases with the increase of the reaction time.

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Keywords
Biomass; Lignin; Catalysis; Production of phenols; Tungsten phosphide
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Production of phenols from catalytic conversion of lignin over a tungsten phosphide catalyst
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 481, 5 July 2014, Pages 64–70
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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