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Hydrogen production by autothermal reforming of methane: Effect of promoters (Pt, Pd, Re, Mo, Sn) on the performance of Ni/La2O3 catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39882 45838 2014 12 PDF Available
Title
Hydrogen production by autothermal reforming of methane: Effect of promoters (Pt, Pd, Re, Mo, Sn) on the performance of Ni/La2O3 catalysts
Abstract

•We developed ATR catalysts Ni–Me/La2O3 (Me = Pt, Pd, Re, Mo, Sn, Me/Ni = 0.01–0.05).•LaNiO3 perovskite single phase acts as a precursor of formed Ni–Me/La2O3.•Sequence of promoter effect on CH4 conversion and H2, CO yields is: Pt < Sn < Mo < Re < Pd.•By contrast to Pd–Pt, Re, Mo and Sn hinder the formation of Ni0 phase from LaNiO3.•Catalyst LaNi0.99Pd0.01O3 provides stable yields of ∼41% H2 and ∼57% CO at 850 °C.

We developed bimetallic catalysts Ni–Me/La2O3 (Me = Pt, Pd, Re, Mo, Sn) for hydrogen production by autothermal reforming of methane (ATR of CH4). The preparation procedure was based on the reduction of an appropriate LaNi1 − xMexO3 (x = 0.01–0.05) perovskite precursor obtained by the citrate sol–gel method. We investigated the effects of promoter type and molar ratio Me/Ni (Me = Pt, Pd, Re, Mo, Sn; Me/Ni = 0.01–0.05) on the structural, reducing and catalytic properties of Ni–Me/La2O3 samples in the ATR of CH4 and systematically studied the genesis of catalysts by means of X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis, Ar adsorption, H2 temperature-programmed reduction, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy techniques. The genesis of the active phase is shown to be strongly affected by the promoter type. The Pt, Re, Mo or Sn promoters in contrast to Pd impede the destruction of LaNiO3 structure and formation of Ni0 phase. The catalytic performance of Ni–Me/La2O3 samples in the ATR of CH4 can be regulated by the type and content of the promoter. At low reaction temperatures (700–800 °C) and at the molar ratio Me/Ni = 0.01 the conversion of methane and product (H2, CO) yields increases in the following order of promoters: Pt < Sn < Mo < Re < Pd, which correlates with the increase of reducibility of Ni species as a result of promoter addition. At 850 °C the LaNi0.99Pd0.01O3 catalyst provided the yields of ∼41% H2 and ∼57% CO at CH4 conversion ∼100% during a stability test that lasted 24 h.

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Keywords
Hydrogen production; Autothermal reforming; Ni catalyst; Promoter
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Hydrogen production by autothermal reforming of methane: Effect of promoters (Pt, Pd, Re, Mo, Sn) on the performance of Ni/La2O3 catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 481, 5 July 2014, Pages 104–115
Authors
, , , , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
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