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Sulfide assessment in bioreactors with gas replacement

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
3989 202 2010 6 PDF Available
Title
Sulfide assessment in bioreactors with gas replacement
Abstract

Many biological processes have utilized the addition of sulfide constituents, such as sodium sulfide or cysteine-sulfide, to affect the redox potential, remove residual oxygen, and/or provide a source of sulfur for metabolism. However, the effects of sulfide constituents and associated sulfide concentrations on growth and product formation of cellular systems have shown considerable variance. In this work, models were developed that explained sulfide loss in bottle studies (batch reactors) and continuously gas-purged reactors. Since sulfide in liquid can be converted to volatile hydrogen sulfide (H2S), mass transfer plays a key role for sulfide loss in continuous reactors, whereas equilibrium is critical for sulfide loss in batch reactors. Models of sulfide can be used to understand the fate of sulfide during an experiment and to design experiments to maintain constant sulfide levels for providing greater clarity when interpreting experimental results. Cellular experiments for ethanol/acetic acid formation from syngas were carried out to demonstrate the maintenance of constant sulfide levels of 0–1.9 mM throughout the experiment. Results showed that cell growth was slightly affected by the sulfide concentration, ethanol production was favored at higher sulfide concentrations, and acetic acid production was favored at lower sulfide concentrations.

Keywords
Sulfide; Bioreactor; Modeling; Syngas; Fermentation; Ethanol
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 49, Issue 3, 15 May 2010, Pages 429–434
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us