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Kinetics of hydrodeoxygenation of stearic acid using supported nickel catalysts: Effects of supports

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39896 45839 2014 11 PDF Available
Title
Kinetics of hydrodeoxygenation of stearic acid using supported nickel catalysts: Effects of supports
Abstract

•Nickel supported γ-Al2O3, SiO2, and HZSM-5 were used as catalysts.•n-heptadecane was major product over Ni/γ-Al2O3 and Ni/SiO2.•Acidic nature of supports diverted products selectivity towards n-octadecane.•Reaction mechanism was delineated based on products distribution.•An empirical kinetic model was developed to correlate experimental data.

The hydrodeoxygenation of fatty acids derived from vegetable and microalgal oils is a novel process for production of liquid hydrocarbon fuels well-suited with existing internal combustion engines. The hydrodeoxygenation of stearic acid was investigated in a high pressure batch reactor using n-dodecane as solvent over nickel metal catalysts supported on SiO2, γ-Al2O3, and HZSM-5 in the temperature range of 533–563 K. Several supported nickel oxide catalysts with nickel loading up to 25 wt.% were prepared by incipient wetness impregnation method and reduced using hydrogen. The catalysts were then characterized by BET, TPR, H2 pulse chemisorption, TPD, XRD, and ICP-AES. Characterization studies revealed that only dispersed nickel oxide was present up to 15 wt.% nickel loading on γ-Al2O3. The acidity of the supports depends on nickel loading of oxidized catalysts and increases with increasing nickel loading up to 15 wt.%. n-Pentadecane, n-hexadecane, n-heptadecane, n-octadecane, and l-octadecanol were identified as products of hydrodeoxygenation of stearic acid with n-heptadecane being primary product. The catalytic activity and selectivity to products for hydrodeoxygenation of stearic acid depends strongly on acidity of the supports. The maximum selectivity to n-heptadecane was observed with nickel supported γ-Al2O3 catalyst. A suitable reaction mechanism of hydrodeoxygenation of stearic acid was delineated based on products distribution. The conversion of stearic acid was increased with increasing reaction time, nickel loading on γ-Al2O3, temperature, and catalyst loading. Complete conversion of stearic acid was accomplished with more than 80% selectivity to n-heptadecane at reasonable reaction temperature of 563 K after 240 min of reaction using 15 wt.% Ni/γ-Al2O3 catalyst. An empirical kinetic model was also developed to correlate the experimental data.

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Keywords
Hydrodeoxygenation; Stearic acid; Green diesel; Ni/γ-Al2O3; Modeling
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Kinetics of hydrodeoxygenation of stearic acid using supported nickel catalysts: Effects of supports
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 471, 10 February 2014, Pages 28–38
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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