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Pd catalyst promoted by two metal oxides with different reducibilities: Properties and performance in the selective hydrogenation of acetylene ☆

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39902 45839 2014 4 PDF Available
Title
Pd catalyst promoted by two metal oxides with different reducibilities: Properties and performance in the selective hydrogenation of acetylene ☆
Abstract

•Ti oxide having high reducibility was added to La oxide-promoted Pd/SiO2 as a second promoter.•La oxide migration during oxidation was effectively suppressed by the added Ti oxide.•Ti oxide further modifies Pd electronically, even for low-temperature reduction, due to its high reducibility.•Pd–La–Ti/SiO2 showed high ethylene selectivity even after oxidation and low-temperature reduction.

La oxide is known to be the best promoter among reducible metal oxides for acetylene hydrogenation. However, it requires high-temperature reduction, which is not feasible in commercial processes. To maintain the enhanced catalytic performance by La oxide addition while lowering the reduction temperature for application in commercial process, we added Ti oxide as a second promoter, which has a higher reducibility than La oxide. The Ti oxide is added to the Pd surface, which has been partially covered by La oxide, and maintains the modified geometric and electronic structures of the Pd catalyst induced by the high-temperature-reduced La oxide even after low-temperature reduction, as confirmed by H2 chemisorption and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Surprisingly, Ti oxide further modifies the electronic structure of Pd, even for low-temperature reduction, due to its high reducibility, leading to higher ethylene selectivity than when La oxide is used exclusively. We also confirmed that a similar additive effect also applies to other metal oxides, i.e., Nb2O5.

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Keywords
Acetylene hydrogenation; La oxide; Ti oxide; SMSI; Low temperature reduction
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Pd catalyst promoted by two metal oxides with different reducibilities: Properties and performance in the selective hydrogenation of acetylene ☆
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 471, 10 February 2014, Pages 80–83
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us