Isomerization of α-pinene oxide using Fe-supported catalysts: Selective synthesis of campholenic aldehyde
•Transformation of α-pinene oxide to campholenic aldehyde in toluene.•Synthesis of Fe Beta-75; ZSM-5, MCM-41 by impregnation and solid-state ion exchange.•Extensive characterization of catalysts.•Strong influence of acidity on activity and selectivity.•The highest selectivity of 66% with Fe-MCM-41.
α-Pinene oxide, an oxygenated derivative of α-pinene, can be converted into various valuable substances useful as flavour, fragrance and pharmaceutical compounds. Campholenic aldehyde is one of the most desired products of α-pinene oxide isomerization being a valuable intermediate for the production of sandalwood-like fragrances. Iron modified zeolites Beta-75 and ZSM-5, mesoporous material MCM-41, silica and alumina were prepared by two methods (impregnation and solid-state ion exchange) and tested for selective preparation of campholenic aldehyde by isomerization of α-pinene oxide. The characterization of tested catalyst was carried out using scanning electron microscope analysis, nitrogen adsorption measurements, pyridine adsorption–desorption with FTIR, X-ray absorption spectroscopy measurements, XPS-analysis, 29Si MAS NMR and 27Al MAS NMR and X-ray diffraction. The isomerization of α-pinene oxide was carried out in toluene as a solvent at 70 °C. The main properties influencing the activity and the selectivity are the acidic and structural properties of the tested catalysts. The highest selectivity of 66% was achieved at complete conversion of α-pinene oxide with Fe-MCM-41.
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Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 470, 30 January 2014, Pages 162–176