Biosorption behavior of heavy metals in bioleaching process of MSWI fly ash by Aspergillus niger
In this study, it was considered that the biosorption of heavy metals by biomass might occur during the bioleaching of fly ash. This work is focused on the biosorption behavior of Al, Fe, Pb and Zn by Aspergillus niger during the bioleaching process. The fungal biomass was contacted with heavy metals solution which extracted from fly ash by using gluconic acid as leaching agent. The equilibrium time for biosorption was about 120 min. The biosorption experiment data at initial pH 6.5 was used to fit the biosorption kinetics and isotherm models. The results indicated that the biosorption of Al, Fe and Zn by A. niger biomass were well described by the pseudo-first order kinetic model. The pseudo-second order kinetic model was more suitable for that of Pb. The Langmuir isotherm model could well describe the biosorption of Fe, Pb and Zn while the Freundlich model could well describe the biosorption of Al. Furthermore, the biosorption of metal ions decreased evidently in the presence of fly ash as compared to that in the absence of fly ash. This research showed that although the biomass sorption occurred during the bioleaching process, it did not inhibit the removal of Al, Fe, Pb and Zn evidently from fly ash.
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 46, Issue 3, 1 November 2009, Pages 294–299