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Dehydrogenation of cyclohexanol over Cu/Al2O3 catalysts prepared with different precipitating agents

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40077 45843 2013 9 PDF Available
Title
Dehydrogenation of cyclohexanol over Cu/Al2O3 catalysts prepared with different precipitating agents
Abstract

•The Cu/Al2O3 catalysts were prepared using different precipitating agents.•The TAAOH as precipitating agent exhibited better activity than carbonate and urea.•The r-TPA showed highest (81.5%) conversion and (79.6%) selectivity to cyclohexanone.•Higher conversion facilitated by higher copper dispersion, surface area and acidity.

Dehydrogenation of cyclohexanol over Cu/Al2O3 catalysts (molar Cu:Al = 1:1) prepared by reduction of mixed oxide precursors synthesized using different precipitating agents viz. potassium carbonate, tetraalkyl ammonium hydroxides (TAAOHs) and urea was investigated. In order to assess the efficacy of TAAOH further, the chain length of tetraalkyl ammonium cations was also varied and the resulted catalysts were evaluated for their catalytic performance. The catalysts were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, low temperature nitrogen adsorption, temperature programmed desorption of ammonia and UV–visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The dependence of the catalyst performance on the precipitating agent employed during its synthesis has been clearly demonstrated. The use of TAAOH as precipitating agent led to the formation of a catalyst with better catalytic activity than those prepared using potassium carbonate and urea. Further improvement in the catalytic performance was observed when TAAOH with longer alkyl chain ammonium cation was used. The optimum catalyst prepared by reduction of mixed oxide precursor synthesized using tetrapropyl ammonium hydroxide as precipitating agent, showed highest cyclohexanol conversion (81.5%) and cyclohexanone selectivity (79.6%) at 250 °C on account of higher Cu+/Cu0 ratio, well dispersed copper, higher surface area and lower total acidity with higher contribution of sites with moderate strength.

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Keywords
Cyclohexanol dehydrogenation; Cu/Al2O3; Precipitating agent; Tetraalkyl ammonium hydroxide; Characterization
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Dehydrogenation of cyclohexanol over Cu/Al2O3 catalysts prepared with different precipitating agents
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 467, 2 October 2013, Pages 421–429
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
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