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Solventless acetalization of glycerol with acetone to fuel oxygenates over Ni–Zr supported on mesoporous activated carbon catalyst

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40121 45844 2013 9 PDF Available
Title
Solventless acetalization of glycerol with acetone to fuel oxygenates over Ni–Zr supported on mesoporous activated carbon catalyst
Abstract

•Five and six membered glycerol acetals were synthesized from acetone and glycerol.•100% glycerol conversion with selectivity of 26% and 74% toward 5 and 6 components.•The surface properties of Ni–Zr/AC catalyst plays a prominent role in its activity.•The catalytic activity was mainly attributed to the presence of ZrO2 and NiO.

Glycerol was selectively converted to branched oxygenated compounds (five membered ring solketal, 5, and six membered ring acetal, 6) through a solventless acetalization process with acetone catalyzed by mesoporous 5%Ni–1%Zr/AC catalyst. The reaction was carried out under nitrogen flow conditions using 0.20 g of catalyst at 45 °C. The conversion of glycerol was almost complete with corresponding selectivity of 26% and 74% toward 5 and 6 components, respectively. The catalytic activity was mainly attributed to the intercalated NiO and ZrO2 species into the AC structure and to the surface characteristics as well. Zirconium species are essential co-catalysts with Ni species. The prepared catalysts were characterized for their intrinsic physicochemical and textural properties using BET surface area, XRD, XPS, TPR, FTIR, and EDX. The effect of different operational parameters such as reaction temperature, molar ratio of glycerol/acetone, catalyst weight and reaction time was investigated. The stability of the catalytic activity was examined through leaching and reusability tests.

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Keywords
Glycerol; Acetals; Acetalization; Catalyst; Fuel additives
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Solventless acetalization of glycerol with acetone to fuel oxygenates over Ni–Zr supported on mesoporous activated carbon catalyst
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volumes 464–465, 15 August 2013, Pages 191–199
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us