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H2 and COx generation from coal gasification catalyzed by a cost-effective iron catalyst

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40123 45844 2013 11 PDF Available
Title
H2 and COx generation from coal gasification catalyzed by a cost-effective iron catalyst
Abstract

•FeCO3 was used to gasify a coal from the Powder River Basin (PRB), Wyoming.•The iron-based catalyst was active during both pyrolysis and gasification steps.•Its oxidation state and active species changed with time and reaction conditions.•Active species are magnetite (Fe3O4), wustite (FeO), and metallic iron.•With iron catalyst FTIR of the coal tar showed removal of hydroxyl groups.

The objective of this research is to study the effect and mechanism of FeCO3-based catalytic gasification of a low-sulfur sub-bituminous Wyodak coal from the Powder River Basin (PRB) of Wyoming. The catalytic effect was evaluated by comparing the gas compositions and carbon conversion kinetics with and without of FeCO3, which was realized by gasifying the coal with a fixed-bed laboratory gasifier within steam environment at atmospheric pressure. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Mössbauer spectroscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were used to study the involved catalytic mechanism through characterization of the iron species and oxidation states of the catalyst and the composition of tar released during pyrolysis.Experimental results show that the catalyst is active in both pyrolysis and gasification steps, and can increase carbon conversion rate and reduce the activation energy of coal gasification. In addition, its oxidation states including magnetite (Fe3O4), wustite (FeO), and metallic iron, change with gasification condition. The research indicates that FeCO3 is a promising catalyst for coal gasification.

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Keywords
Catalysis; Coal gasification; Ferrous carbonate; Powder River Basin coal; Kinetics
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H2 and COx generation from coal gasification catalyzed by a cost-effective iron catalyst
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volumes 464–465, 15 August 2013, Pages 207–217
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us