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Dehydrogenation of n-dodecane over PtSn/MgAlO catalysts: Investigating the catalyst performance while monitoring the products

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40152 45845 2014 7 PDF Available
Title
Dehydrogenation of n-dodecane over PtSn/MgAlO catalysts: Investigating the catalyst performance while monitoring the products
Abstract

•MgAlO oxides were firstly employed for the DH of long chain paraffins.•In situ on-line TOF was developed for rapid product detection over the catalysts.•Higher olefin yield and selectivity were obtained on MgAlO supported catalysts.•Mechanism of Mg addition was discussed in detail and more clearly.

n-Dodecane was dehydrogenated over PtSn/MgAlO catalysts. Al2O3 and MgAlO supports with different Mg/Al mole ratio were prepared using a chemical co-precipitation method. The supports and supported PtSn catalysts were characterized using BET, XRD, CO-chemisorption, NH3-TPD, and TG. The dehydrogenation products were analyzed by GC. A single photon ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometer (SPI-TOF-MS) was developed and used to monitor the dehydrogenation products on-line during continuous reactions. Adding Mg to the supports decreased the specific surface area, increased the pore volume and diameter, moderated the acidity, and changed the strong acidic sites to weak ones. The dehydrogenation activity of the catalysts was inhibited, while the mono-olefin selectivity and yield were enhanced by Mg addition. Using a 1/3 Mg/Al molar ratio generated the optimal n-dodecene yield over the PtSn/MgAlO catalysts. The TOF-MS was reliable for detecting the dehydrogenation products of the long-chain paraffins rapidly, continuously, and accurately. Interestingly, TOF-MS can be used to monitor the reactions on-line and in situ, providing analyses of the products during high temperature reactions.

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Keywords
Dehydrogenation; Long chain paraffin; PtSn; MgAlO oxide; In situ; TOF-MS
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Dehydrogenation of n-dodecane over PtSn/MgAlO catalysts: Investigating the catalyst performance while monitoring the products
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 469, 17 January 2014, Pages 74–80
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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