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Catalytic production of isosorbide from cellulose over mesoporous niobium phosphate-based heterogeneous catalysts via a sequential process

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40156 45845 2014 8 PDF Available
Title
Catalytic production of isosorbide from cellulose over mesoporous niobium phosphate-based heterogeneous catalysts via a sequential process
Abstract

•High yield of isosorbide was produced from cellulose via a sequential process.•Ru/NbOPO4-pH2 played a role in the hydration and hydrogenation of cellulose.•The acid amount was crucial for the dehydration of sorbitol to isosorbide.•The combination of two catalysts avoided the use of liquid acid and purification process.•The overall catalytic system showed excellent cycling stability.

The catalytic valorization of cellulose as feedstock for the large-scale production of liquid fuels and value-added chemicals is currently subject to extensive research. Isosorbide as an important intermediate for the synthesis of a wide range of pharmaceuticals, chemicals and polymers, its efficient production from natural cellulose is very important. Here we report a two-step sequential process where cellulose is firstly depolymerized with Ru/NbOPO4-pH2 catalyst via hydrolysis and hydrogenation and then the resultant sorbitol and sorbitan are directly converted into isosorbide in the presence of solid acid catalyst. The influence of different solid catalysts is investigated in the direct dehydration of sorbitol to isosorbide and finds that NbOPO4-pH2 with the highest acid amount shows the best performance and is used in the sequential process. The reaction conditions (especially reaction temperature and reaction time) are systematically investigated and 56.7% isosorbide yield is obtained under optimal conditions, which is impressive compared with other systems reported with homogeneous or semi-heterogeneous catalysts. This effective catalytic system avoids the use of liquid acid and exhibits excellent cycling stability.

Graphical abstractSchematic representation of the integrated process of cellulose conversion to sorbitol and sorbitan with Ru/NbOPO4 and then further dehydration to isosorbide with NbOPO4.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (149 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Cellulose; Isosorbide; Niobium phosphate; Sequential process
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Catalytic production of isosorbide from cellulose over mesoporous niobium phosphate-based heterogeneous catalysts via a sequential process
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 469, 17 January 2014, Pages 108–115
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us