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Biodegradability of DOC and DON for UV/H2O2 pre-treated melanoidin based wastewater

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
4017 204 2008 8 PDF Available
Title
Biodegradability of DOC and DON for UV/H2O2 pre-treated melanoidin based wastewater
Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine if preliminary treatment of melanoidin based wastewater by an advanced oxidation process (AOP) made the associated DOC and DON more biodegradable. UV-C irradiation of H2O2 was used to create the hydroxyl radical for chemical oxidation, while aerobic batch bioassays were used to assess the subsequent biodegradability of the DOC and DON associated with melanoidin. State-of-the-art natural organic matter identification techniques were used to identify melanoidin and study the subsequent degradation products throughout the chemical and biological oxidation processes.Melanoidins are large (50–70 kDa), coloured, nitrogenous organic compounds that are refractory to sewage treatment plant (STP) biodegradation, but are susceptible to degradation by sunlight in receiving environments. This study showed that over an extended chemical oxidation period (72 h, which was sufficient to reach maximum chemical degradability) DOC and DON removal from a synthetic melanoidin wastewater were 92% and 48%, respectively. In comparison, the DOC and DON removal after 4 h of chemical oxidation followed by 7 days of aerobic biodegradation were 82% and 86%, respectively. Thus, the removal of organic bound nitrogen was drastically improved by using a combination of chemical and biological oxidation in place of the hydroxyl radical AOP alone.Molecular weight fractionation results showed that the cleavage of the large nitrogenous melanoidin molecules, during chemical oxidation, produced small DON molecular weight compounds (<1 kDa) and ammonia, which were readily biodegradable. It was apparent that the small molecular weight DOC formed during the hydroxyl radical oxidation of melanoidin was biodegradable, but unlike the DON could also be chemically oxidised given sufficient exposure time to the hydroxyl radical.

Keywords
Aerobic process; Waste-water treatment; Biodegradation; Colour; Filtration; Chemical treatment
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Biodegradability of DOC and DON for UV/H2O2 pre-treated melanoidin based wastewater
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 42, Issue 1, 15 October 2008, Pages 47–54
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us