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Modeling impact of catalyst loading on polyurethane foam polymerization

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40172 45845 2014 10 PDF Available
Title
Modeling impact of catalyst loading on polyurethane foam polymerization
Abstract

•Accurate simulation of mixtures of polyols based on performance of single polyols.•Simulation of both water reaction and physical processes for gas formation.•Accurate simulation of the impact of catalysts including the impact of catalyst concentration.

A MATLAB model based on the simultaneous solution of several differential equations was developed to include the impact of catalyst loading for the reactions and physical processes of a urethane box foaming process. Experiments with different amounts of catalyst loading were conducted to fit the model parameters for this thermoset polymerization. Rate constants for the polyurethane foaming reaction were determined by polyol types, catalyst types and reaction temperatures. By combining these factors polyurethane reaction rates during whole foaming process can be calculated in this model and the model can be used to predict the performance of foams which have multiple combinations of isocyanate, polyols, catalysts, chemical blowing agents, and physical blowing agents in recipes when parameters on pure component (e.g. single polyol) performance are behavior.

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Keywords
Polyurethane foam; Modeling; Kinetics; Impact of catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 469, 17 January 2014, Pages 229–238
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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