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Catalytic CH4 reforming with CO2 over activated carbon based catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40191 45845 2014 11 PDF Available
Title
Catalytic CH4 reforming with CO2 over activated carbon based catalysts
Abstract

•AC based catalysts can considerably reduce the activation energy of CH4–CO2 reforming.•Each catalyst has its own optimal function temperature.•Hydroxyl group on AC based catalysts is the key for CH4–CO2 reforming.

The objective of this study is to compare the performance of several activated carbon (AC) based catalysts for CH4 reforming with CO2, including raw AC and AC modified with HNO3 and NaNO3, designated as AC-HNO3 and AC-NaNO3, respectively. CH4–CO2 reforming experiments were conducted in a fixed-bed reactor at temperatures from 700 °C to 1000 °C. The catalysts were characterized by various techniques, including Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) analysis, CO2 chemisorption, temperature programmed oxidation–CO2 (TPO–CO2), and scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM–EDX). The catalytic activities of the three catalysts are considerably different at low temperature, although they are similar at high temperature. At 700 °C, the average conversions of CH4 and CO2 over AC-NaNO3 are 17.7% and 29.7%, respectively, which are 2.4 and 3.2 times higher than those over AC. At 1000 °C, the conversions of CH4 and CO2 exceed 90% over these three catalysts. In addition, the mole ratio of H2/CO increases with temperature for all the catalysts. The mole ratio of H2/CO over AC-HNO3, which is from 0.76 to 0.94 at different temperatures, is closer to 1 than that over the other two catalysts. Based on the characterization results, NaNO3 is more instrumental to the formation of mesopores, surface oxygenated groups, and the reduction of deposited carbon. Hydroxyl group plays an important role in CH4–CO2 reforming. According to TPO–CO2 observations, two types of deposited carbon are formed during reforming reaction. The apparent activation energies of the CH4–CO2 reforming reactions catalyzed by AC, AC-HNO3, and AC-NaNO3 are 202 kJ/mol, 227 kJ/mol, and 123 kJ/mol.

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Keywords
CH4–CO2 reforming; Activated carbon catalyst; HNO3; NaNO3
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 469, 17 January 2014, Pages 387–397
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us