fulltext.study @t Gmail

Preparation and characterization of neat and ZnCl2 modified zeolites and alumina for methyl chloride synthesis

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40244 45848 2013 15 PDF Available
Title
Preparation and characterization of neat and ZnCl2 modified zeolites and alumina for methyl chloride synthesis
Abstract

•Activity, selectivity and stability have been tested for all catalysts.•Influence of zinc modification on surface area and pore volume was investigated.•Activity and selectivity have been correlated with the catalysts acid properties.•Zinc species on the catalyst surface have been characterized by EDX, TEM and XPS.•Spent catalysts were characterized by N2-physisorption, FTIR, EDX and XRD.

A range of zeolite and alumina based catalysts, neat and impregnated with ZnCl2, were screened for gas-phase methyl chloride synthesis from methanol and HCl. The catalysts were characterized with FTIR, TEM, XPS, N2-physisorption, XRD and EDX to identify the relationship between the catalyst characteristics and their activity and selectivity in methyl chloride synthesis. The work was focused on catalyst performance and stability, acid properties of catalysts and the influence of zinc impregnation. Upon modification with ZnCl2, the number of strong and medium Brønsted acid sites (BAS) decreased, while the number of Lewis acid sites (LAS) increased. The zinc species detected on the catalyst surface is possibly similar to ZnOCl. The presence of ZnCl2 as surface species is not probable, as chlorine is partially removed from the catalyst during calcination at 400 °C. However, the binding energy determined by XPS suggests a Zn2+ surface species. Zn2+ containing particles were observed on zeolites by TEM, which show a dependence of the particle size on the support acidity. The activities of the catalysts increased with the number of medium and strong LAS, whereas the methyl chloride selectivity slightly decreased giving dimethyl ether as a by-product. As the increase of acid sites upon modification with the same amounts of ZnCl2was most pronounced for zeolite catalysts, they exhibited the highest activity. However, the zeolite catalysts showed deactivation with time on stream. Zn/H-ZSM 5 zeolite catalysts exhibited a higher stability in the synthesis of methyl chloride than ZnCl2 modified H-Beta and could be regenerated by burning the coke in air at 400 °C. Neat alumina and ZnCl2 modified alumina catalysts were active and selective at 300 °C and higher temperatures, but zeolite catalysts might be suitable for methyl chloride synthesis at lower temperatures, i.e. 200 °C.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (124 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Methyl chloride; Catalyst screening; Alumina; Zeolites; Zinc chloride
First Page Preview
Preparation and characterization of neat and ZnCl2 modified zeolites and alumina for methyl chloride synthesis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 468, 5 November 2013, Pages 120–134
Authors
, , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us