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Propane ammoxidation catalyst prepared by thermally induced spreading of Sb2O3 on V/Al/O-mixed oxide

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40267 45848 2013 9 PDF Available
Title
Propane ammoxidation catalyst prepared by thermally induced spreading of Sb2O3 on V/Al/O-mixed oxide
Abstract

•Mixtures of Sb2O3 and V/Al/O mixed oxide are efficient in propane ammoxidation.•Sb2O3 and V/Al/O react forming a V1−xAlxSbO4 phase with Sb spreading over V/Al/O.•Sb2O3 addition is a mean to decrease total oxidation and increase propene formation.

Mechanical mixtures of Sb2O3 and V/Al/O mixed oxide have been tested as catalysts in the ammoxidation of propane. The results obtained showed that upon addition of Sb2O3 the propane conversion rate and the selectivity to acrylonitrile were decreased but to a limited extent whereas a strong decrease in selectivity to COx was observed to the advantage of selectivity to propene. Sb2O3 completely reacts with the V/Al/O mixed oxide to form a rutile-type V1−xAlxSbO4 phase that spreads over the mixed oxide. If the structure modifications have to be taken into account to explain the difference in catalytic properties, the characterization of the catalysts allowed proposing that they primarily result from the contamination of the surface of the active V/Al/O mixed oxide by Sb species. If the changes in catalytic properties evidenced in the study appear rather unproductive in terms of yield in acrylonitrile, they can be of interest if a process integrated a recycling of the reaction feeds was designed for an industrial application.

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Keywords
Propane ammoxidation; Vanadium–aluminum oxynitride; Antimony oxide; Synergetic effects; Mechanical mixtures
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Propane ammoxidation catalyst prepared by thermally induced spreading of Sb2O3 on V/Al/O-mixed oxide
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 468, 5 November 2013, Pages 341–349
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
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