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Enhancement in activity of Pd–Zn catalyst for methanol steam reforming by coprecipitation on zirconia support

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40268 45848 2013 9 PDF Available
Title
Enhancement in activity of Pd–Zn catalyst for methanol steam reforming by coprecipitation on zirconia support
Abstract

•Addition of Al2O3 to PdO/ZnO coprecipitate increases the particle dispersion.•Pd–Zn catalyst from coprecipitated PdO/ZnO/Al2O3 is stable even in MSR at 550 °C.•PdO/ZnO/Al2O3 can be coprecipitated on a ZrO2 support.•Ultrafine Pd–Zn particles are formed from the composite.•The composite catalyst is highly active and stable with a small Pd content.

Durable catalysts for methanol steam reforming are required for on-board hydrogen processors, and Pd–Zn alloy catalysts are the candidates. The addition of a small amount of aluminum to the coprecipitation of PdO/ZnO results in the formation of fine Pd–Zn particles after reduction with hydrogen at 500 °C in comparison to a Pd–Zn/ZnO catalyst prepared by an impregnation technique or by coprecipitation without aluminum. Methanol steam reforming mainly into hydrogen and carbon dioxide proceeds over these catalysts at 300 °C. The activity of the impregnated catalyst whose Pd content is 3 wt.% obviously decreases after the durability test at 550 °C. On the other hand, that for the coprecipitated catalyst with aluminum is stable during the test and similar to the initial activity of the impregnated catalyst with the same Pd content of 3 wt.%. The surface activity of Pd–Zn on the coprecipitated catalyst is similar to that on the impregnated one after deactivation, but the Pd dispersion in the coprecipitate is significantly high. The activity of a Pd–Zn catalyst (Pd content, 3 wt.%) formed from PdO/ZnO/Al2O3 coprecipitated on a zirconia support is stable and significantly higher than that for the coprecipitated catalyst without the support. In the composite catalyst, the Pd–Zn particles are stabilized and probably ultrafine. It is estimated that a high surface activity is produced on the ultrafine particles by strongly interacting with the ZnO particles stabilized on the support surface.

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Keywords
Methanol steam reforming; Pd–Zn alloy; Coprecipitation; Zirconia support; Hydrogen production.
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Enhancement in activity of Pd–Zn catalyst for methanol steam reforming by coprecipitation on zirconia support
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 468, 5 November 2013, Pages 350–358
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
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Price was $35.95
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