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Solvent-free hydrothermal synthesis of anatase TiO2 nanoparticles with enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen production activity

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40287 45849 2013 6 PDF Available
Title
Solvent-free hydrothermal synthesis of anatase TiO2 nanoparticles with enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen production activity
Abstract

•TiO2 anatase nanoparticles exhibiting large surface area were readily synthesized.•A water soluble titanium precursor was employed.•The photocatalytic hydrogen production from aqueous EDTA solutions was measured.•The effect of different parameters on the hydrogen production rate was investigated.•The prepared TiO2 nanoparticles showed higher activity than TiO2 P25 and TiO2 UV100.

TiO2 nanoparticles exhibiting large surface area were synthesized by the hydrothermal treatment of the water soluble titanium(IV) bis(ammoniumlactato) dihydroxide (TALH) complex in the presence of aqueous ammonia. The obtained powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, and nitrogen adsorption. Their photocatalytic activities were assessed by the photocatalytic hydrogen evolution from aqueous EDTA solutions. The effects of Pt- and photocatalyst loading, EDTA concentration, light intensity, pH, and temperature on the H2 evolution rate were studied in detail. The highest reaction rate was obtained for the TiO2 photocatalyst loaded with 0.4–0.5 wt.% Pt at pH 5 and this was found to be 18 and 34% higher than that of TiO2 P25 and TiO2 UV100, respectively. The reaction rate increased substantially with increasing the temperature from 5 °C to 45 °C.

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Keywords
TiO2; Photocatalytic hydrogen production; EDTA; Photocatalysis; Anatase nanoparticles
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Solvent-free hydrothermal synthesis of anatase TiO2 nanoparticles with enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen production activity
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 466, 10 September 2013, Pages 32–37
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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