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In situ IR study for elucidating reaction mechanism of toluene steam reforming over Ni/La0.7Sr0.3AlO3−δ catalyst

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40307 45849 2013 8 PDF Available
Title
In situ IR study for elucidating reaction mechanism of toluene steam reforming over Ni/La0.7Sr0.3AlO3−δ catalyst
Abstract

•Steam reforming of toluene as a model compound of biomass tar, was investigated.•Ni/La0.7Sr0.3AlO3−δ catalyst showed higher activity and lower coke formation.•Surface adsorbate on steam reforming of toluene were observed using in situ IR.•The aromatic ring in toluene strongly adsorbed only on La0.7Sr0.3AlO3−δ.•The adsorbate reacted with steam at 673 K on Ni/La0.7Sr0.3AlO3−δ.

Steam reforming of toluene as a model compound of biomass tar was conducted on supported Ni catalysts. The Ni catalyst supported on perovskite oxide (La0.7Sr0.3AlO3−δ: LSAO) showed the highest toluene conversion (58%) and lowest coke formation (57 mg g-cat−1) at 873 K thanks to the smaller Ni particle size and larger perimeter between Ni and perovskite support, confirmed by XRD, BET, STEM and XAFS. In this paper, adsorption of toluene on Ni/LSAO catalyst was investigated using FT-IR method to estimate the reaction mechanism. IR spectra during temperature programmed desorption revealed that strong adsorption of toluene was observed only on LSAO and Ni/LSAO. The decomposition of adsorbate to CO or CO2 was promoted by supported Ni metal. Lattice oxygen of perovskite support contributed to the oxidation of the intermediate at the interface of Ni and perovskite. In addition, the oxidation of intermediate was promoted by introducing steam. Investigating adsorptions of various probe molecules (benzene, n-heptane, ethylene and benzaldeyde) revealed that decomposition of aromatic ring proceeded on Ni/LSAO.

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Keywords
Steam reforming of toluene; Ni catalyst; Perovskite support; FT-IR; Adsorbed species
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In situ IR study for elucidating reaction mechanism of toluene steam reforming over Ni/La0.7Sr0.3AlO3−δ catalyst
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 466, 10 September 2013, Pages 190–197
Authors
, , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
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