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Synthesis of fragrance compounds from acyclic monoterpenes: Rhodium catalyzed hydroformylation and tandem hydroformylation/acetalization of linalool and β-citronellene

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40309 45849 2013 8 PDF Available
Title
Synthesis of fragrance compounds from acyclic monoterpenes: Rhodium catalyzed hydroformylation and tandem hydroformylation/acetalization of linalool and β-citronellene
Abstract

•Hydroformylation occurs approximately two times faster in ethanol than in toluene.•The hydroformylation of linalool and β-citronellene in ethanol gave acetals directly.•The acetalization occurs under mild conditions in the absence of acid co-catalysts.•The reactions are up to twenty times faster with P(O-o-tBuPh)3 as compared to PPh3.•Several fragrance compounds were obtained starting from bio-renewable substrates.

Rhodium-catalyzed hydroformylation of acyclic monoterpenic compounds, i.e., linalool and β-citronellene, was studied in toluene and ethanol solutions in the presence of PPh3 or P(O-o-tBuPh)3 ligands. Although both substrates have a monosubstituted terminal double bond, they show different behavior under the hydroformylation conditions. In toluene, linalool gave almost quantitatively a cyclic hemiacetal; whereas the hydroformylation of β-citronellene resulted in two isomeric aldehydes also in a nearly quantitative combined yield. The reactions occurred approximately two times faster in ethanol than in toluene giving the corresponding acetals even in the absence of additional acid co-catalysts. In the absence of phosphorous ligands, linalool (differently from β-citronellene) was very resistant to hydroformylation probably due to the binding with rhodium through both the double bond and the hydroxyl group to form stable chelates. The P(O-o-tBuPh)3 ligand exerted a remarkable effect on the reactivity of both substrates accelerating the reactions by 5–20 times as compared to the system with PPh3. Several fragrance compounds were obtained in high yields through a simple one-pot procedure starting from the substrates easily available from natural bio-renewable resources.

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Keywords
Acetalization; Citronellene; Hydroformylation; Linalool; Monoterpenes; Rhodium
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Synthesis of fragrance compounds from acyclic monoterpenes: Rhodium catalyzed hydroformylation and tandem hydroformylation/acetalization of linalool and β-citronellene
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 466, 10 September 2013, Pages 208–215
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
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Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us