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Mg1+xCa1−xO2 as reusable and efficient heterogeneous catalyst for the synthesis of glycerol carbonate via the transesterification of glycerol with dimethyl carbonate

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40316 45849 2013 10 PDF Available
Title
Mg1+xCa1−xO2 as reusable and efficient heterogeneous catalyst for the synthesis of glycerol carbonate via the transesterification of glycerol with dimethyl carbonate
Abstract

•Mg1.2Ca0.8O2 mixed oxides is an efficient catalyst for glycerol transesterification.•Complete glycerol conversion with 100% yield of glycerol carbonate were achieved.•The glycerol carbonate yield depends on the metals content and reaction conditions.•Catalyst surface basicity plays a key role in promoting the catalytic activity.

A reusable and highly active heterogeneous catalyst of the type Mg1+xCa1−xO2 has been developed and thermally treated at 850 °C for 6 h. The catalytic activity was investigated during the transesterification of glycerol with dimethyl carbonate to synthesize the valuable glycerol carbonate. A typical Mg1.2Ca0.8O2 mixed oxides catalyst was characterized by BET surface area, surface base amount, CO2-TPD, XRD and FTIR, and its microstructure was studied by the aid of scanning and transmission electron microscopy. The investigated characteristics gave a clear insight into the catalytic performance of the catalyst. Over 0.30 g of this catalyst, glycerol conversion was almost complete and the yield of glycerol carbonate was 100% under atmospheric pressure. The best reaction conditions are: molar ratio of glycerol/DMC of 1:2, reaction temperature of 70 °C and 90 min of reaction time. The transesterification results showed that the synergism interaction between Ca and Mg species in the catalyst structure was the reason for its high activity.

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Keywords
Glycerol; Glycerol carbonate; Mixed oxide catalyst; Fuel additives
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Mg1+xCa1−xO2 as reusable and efficient heterogeneous catalyst for the synthesis of glycerol carbonate via the transesterification of glycerol with dimethyl carbonate
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 466, 10 September 2013, Pages 272–281
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us