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Influence of rare earth elements on the acid and metal sites of Pt/HBEA catalyst for short chain n-alkane hydroisomerization

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40318 45849 2013 7 PDF Available
Title
Influence of rare earth elements on the acid and metal sites of Pt/HBEA catalyst for short chain n-alkane hydroisomerization
Abstract

•Pt/HBEA was doped with increasing amounts of rare earth La, Nd or Yb.•Small amounts of rare earth elements modify both acid and metal properties.•Catalytic activity and DMBs selectivity are favored with low rare earth loadings.

The doping effect of rare earth (RE) elements La, Nd and Yb on the acidity and metal function of Pt/HBEA catalysts was investigated, as well as its influence in the hydroisomerization of n-hexane. HBEA zeolite was submitted to ion exchange with increasing amounts of RE using nitrate solutions, followed by Pt introduction. The samples were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, chemical analysis and low temperature N2 adsorption. The acidity of the samples was study through pyridine adsorption followed by FTIR spectroscopy and the model reaction of n-heptane cracking. The influence of RE elements on the metal function was studied by magnetic susceptibility measurements, model reaction of toluene hydrogenation and H2 chemisorption analysis. The characterization methods showed that the presence of very small amounts of RE elements increases the strength and density of the acid sites due to the appearance of new Lewis acid sites that are detected upon RE loading. The electronic properties and metal dispersion of Pt were also improved. In n-hexane hydroisomerization reaction an increased catalytic activity and selectivity into dibranched isomers is detected in the presence of very low contents of La and Nd (less than 0.4 wt.%). For higher amounts and also in the case of Yb doped samples, where the amounts introduced were higher, a decrease in catalytic activity as well as a higher selectivity in cracking products is noticed as a result of stereochemical limitations inside the zeolite pore structure.

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Keywords
Rare earth elements; Bifunctional catalysis; Pt/HBEA; n-Hexane hydroisomerization
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Influence of rare earth elements on the acid and metal sites of Pt/HBEA catalyst for short chain n-alkane hydroisomerization
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 466, 10 September 2013, Pages 293–299
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us