fulltext.study @t Gmail

Anatase type extra-framework titanium in TS-1: A vital factor influencing the catalytic activity toward styrene epoxidation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40323 45850 2013 7 PDF Available
Title
Anatase type extra-framework titanium in TS-1: A vital factor influencing the catalytic activity toward styrene epoxidation
Abstract

•Anatase type extra-framework Ti was proven to be positive in styrene epoxidation.•The framework Ti species has no effect on stabilizing SO selectivity.•Synergistic interaction is essential to achieving high catalytic activity.•Anatase type extra-framework Ti was caused by the asynchronous hydrolysis degrees.

Anatase type extra-framework titanium in titanium silicate-1 (TS-1) molecular sieves has been observed to cause adverse catalytic impediments such as carbon–carbon bond cleavage and low H2O2 efficiency during the epoxidation of terminal alkenes. In this study, a series of TS-1 sieves were synthesized, and used as catalysts for styrene epoxidation. Among the catalysts, the TS-1 with a Si/Ti molar ratio of 35 and 0.21 mol% of anatase type extra-framework titanium exhibited the best styrene conversion and styrene oxide (SO) selectivity. The results suggests that, framework Ti species have no effect on the stabilization of SO selectivity, whereas the synergetic interaction between the framework Ti species and the anatase type extra-framework titanium is essential for the outstanding catalytic performance of TS-1 in styrene epoxidation. In addition, our results demonstrate that the usage of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS), tetrabutyl titanate (TBOT), and isopropyl alcohol in the synthesis of TS-1 does not guarantee the absence of extra-framework Ti species. Instead, the asynchronous degrees of hydrolysis between TEOS and TBOT might account for the formation of the anatase type extra-framework titanium. The influence of H2O2 amount, reaction temperature and time, as well as the types of solvent, oxidant, and catalyst amount, on the catalytic performance of TS-1 with anatase type extra-framework titanium was likewise investigated.

Graphical abstractBoth high styrene conversion and high styrene oxide selectivity were achieved when the styrene epoxidation reaction was catalyzed by TS-1 with a Si/Ti molar ratio of 35 and 0.21 mol% of anatase type extra-framework titanium. The synergistic interaction between the framework Ti species and the anatase type extra-framework titanium in TS-1 is the most essential factor for the high catalytic activity.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (129 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
TS-1; Styrene epoxidation; Extra-framework; Anatase; Synergetic interaction
First Page Preview
Anatase type extra-framework titanium in TS-1: A vital factor influencing the catalytic activity toward styrene epoxidation
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 459, 24 May 2013, Pages 1–7
Authors
, , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us