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Formation of acidic Brönsted (MoOx)−(Hy)+ evidenced by XRD and 2,6-lutidine FTIR spectroscopy for cumene cracking

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40324 45850 2013 9 PDF Available
Title
Formation of acidic Brönsted (MoOx)−(Hy)+ evidenced by XRD and 2,6-lutidine FTIR spectroscopy for cumene cracking
Abstract

•2,6-Lutidine was used to determine the acidic centers of MoO3 type catalysts.•Both MoO3 and Pt/MoO3 possess strong Brönsted and Lewis acid sites.•XRD and IR results confirmed the formation of acidic Brönsted (MoOx)−(Hy)+.•The formation of acidic Brönsted (MoOx)−(Hy)+ was only observed on Pt/MoO3.•Acidic Brönsted (MoOx)−(Hy)+ is an active site for cumene cracking.

2,6-Lutidine adsorbed IR spectroscopy has been employed to study the property of acidic sites on MoO3 and Pt/MoO3. The results showed that both catalysts possess doublet adsorption bands at 1605 + 1585 cm−1, ascribed to Lewis acid sites, and duo-doublet bands at 1660 + 1650 and 1640 + 1630 cm−1, ascribed to hydroxyl groups; these indicate an OH defect structure of MoO3 and Mo–OH Brönsted acidic sites. All Brönsted acid sites were strong enough to retain outgassing at 473 K, while a considerable number of relatively weak and medium acid sites as well as strong Lewis acid sites existed. The addition of Pt slightly altered the ratio of Lewis/Brönsted acid sites and distribution of Lewis acid sites. The XRD result confirmed the formation of molybdenum oxyhydride (MoOx)−(Hy)+ on the hydrogen treated Pt/MoO3, whereas the hydrogen adsorption on 2,6-lutidine pre-adsorbed catalysts showed the formation of protonic acid sites over Pt/MoO3. These results strongly suggested that the interaction of molecular hydrogen with Pt/MoO3 formed acidic Brönsted (MoOx)−(Hy)+ via a hydrogen spillover mechanism. In fact, no (MoOx)−(Hy)+ and protonic acid sites were observed on Pt-free MoO3. The presence of (MoOx)−(Hy)+ enhanced the activity of Pt/MoO3 in the cumene hydrocracking in which the rate conversion of cumene increased by about 30%, while the apparent activation energy decreased by approximately 28 kJ/mol.

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Keywords
MoO3; Pt/MoO3; 2,6-Lutidine; (MoOx)−(Hy)+; Cumene hydrocracking
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Formation of acidic Brönsted (MoOx)−(Hy)+ evidenced by XRD and 2,6-lutidine FTIR spectroscopy for cumene cracking
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 459, 24 May 2013, Pages 8–16
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us