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CH4–CO2 reforming over Ni-substituted barium hexaaluminate catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40356 45851 2013 8 PDF Available
Title
CH4–CO2 reforming over Ni-substituted barium hexaaluminate catalysts
Abstract

A series of Ni-substituted barium hexaaluminate catalysts, Ba0.75NiyAl12−yO19−δ (y = 0.4, 0.6 and 1.0), were tested for CO2 reforming of CH4 at temperatures between 200 and 900 °C. Temperature programmed surface reaction results show that the reaction lights-off in a temperature range between 448 and 503 °C with a consistent decrease in light-off temperature with increasing Ni substitution. Isothermal runs performed at 900 °C show near equilibrium conversion and stable product concentrations for 18 h on all catalysts. Temperature programmed oxidation of the used catalysts show that the amount of carbon deposited on the catalyst increases with Ni substitution. High resolution XRD of the used Ba0.75Ni0.4Al11.6O19−δ catalyst shows a statistically significant contraction of the unit cell which is the result of NiO reduction from the lattice. XRD of the used catalyst also confirms the presence of graphitic carbon. XPS and ICP measurements of the as prepared catalysts show that lower levels of Ni substitution result in an increasing proportion of Ba at the surface.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (94 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► The used catalyst shows contraction of the unit cell, the result of NiO reduction. ► Graphitic carbon is confirmed after catalyst use. ► Catalyst light-off temperature correlates with Ni substitution into the lattice. ► Carbon deposition on the used catalysts correlates with Ni substitution.

Keywords
Ni-substituted hexaaluminate; Methane dry reforming; Syngas; Carbon dioxide; Green house gas
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CH4–CO2 reforming over Ni-substituted barium hexaaluminate catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 455, 30 March 2013, Pages 129–136
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us