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Modified polystyrene anion exchange resins with long chain alkyl groups to enhance the aldolization reaction selectivity

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40493 45856 2013 7 PDF Available
Title
Modified polystyrene anion exchange resins with long chain alkyl groups to enhance the aldolization reaction selectivity
Abstract

The aldolization of formaldehyde and acetone to form 4-hydroxy-2-butanone over anion exchange resins with and without modifications is investigated in this work. Attempts such as surfactants addition and Soxhlet extraction are taken aiming to improve the aldolization selectivity thus the product yield. Subsequently, resins grafted long alkyl chains intrigue us for its steric hindrance effect and the synergic effect of weak and strong basic sites. Two types of modifications are carried out (1) one long alkyl chain on the copolymer tertiary amine via Menshutkin N-alkylation reaction; (2) two long alkyl chains: one on polystyrene aromatic ring through Friedel–Crafts alkylation under the circumstances of tertiary amine and the other on the copolymer tertiary amine using the Menshutkin N-alkylation reaction. The reaction results indicate that the yield for 4-hydroxy-2-butanone can be increased from 44.3% to around 50% for the resin with one long alkyl chain (the first case), while this can achieve up to 71.3% for the resin with two long alkyl chains.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (168 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Anion exchange resin as solid base catalysts for aldol condensation. ► Surfactants addition and Soxhlet extraction enhance the reaction. ► A direct graft of one or two long alkyl chains onto the commercial resins. ► Resins with addition of alkyl groups increased the yield significantly.

Keywords
Solid base; Aldol condensation; Anion exchange resin; 4-Hydroxy-2-butanone
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Modified polystyrene anion exchange resins with long chain alkyl groups to enhance the aldolization reaction selectivity
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 452, 15 February 2013, Pages 57–63
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us