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Production of biodiesel from soybean oil on CaO/Al2O3 solid base catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40508 45856 2013 14 PDF Available
Title
Production of biodiesel from soybean oil on CaO/Al2O3 solid base catalysts
Abstract

Transesterification of soybean oil was carried out over calcium oxide supported on Al2O3 as solid base catalysts. Solid base catalysts were synthesized by wet impregnation of CaO on acidic, basic and neutral Al2O3. Solid basic catalysts investigated in this study were characterized by BET surface area, XRD, FTIR, CO2-TPD and TG/DTA techniques. Formation of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) in this study was influenced by the nature of the catalyst prepared on different Al2O3 supports. CaO supported on neutral-Al2O3 exhibited higher FAME yield and the activation energy was determined to be 30.7 kJ/mol. The formation of the calcium diglyceroxide (CDG), on the surface of CaO supported on neutral Al2O3 was established by 13C NMR spectroscopy. The catalytic system (with CaO + CDG) on neutral Al2O3 showed higher activity in the transesterification of soybean oil. Among the catalysts studied the conversion of soybean oil to FAME formation was as follows: CaO/neutral-Al2O3 > CaO/basic-Al2O3 > CaO/acidic-Al2O3. The presence of CDG on neutral Al2O3 probably contributes to the higher activity. To our knowledge, this is the first report on identifying the formation of CDG on neutral Al2O3 during the production of biodiesel.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (69 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► CaO/Al2O3 solids were synthesized by wet impregnation of CaO on acidic, basic and neutral Al2O3. ► Formation of calcium diglyceroxide on Al2O3 as an active species for transesterification was identified first time. ► FAME formation influenced by (1) nature of Al2O3 and (2) CDG formation and its role in the ester formation. ► This study explains the effect of methanol to oil mole ratio on the formation of CDG on CaO/n-Al2O3. ► This study helps in designing highly active and stable solid bases for the production of biodiesel.

Keywords
Biodiesel; Calcium oxide; Calcium diglyceroxide; Impregnation; Transesterification
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Production of biodiesel from soybean oil on CaO/Al2O3 solid base catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 452, 15 February 2013, Pages 189–202
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us