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A density functional theory study of CO oxidation on Pd-Ni alloy with sandwich structure

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40554 45858 2013 7 PDF Available
Title
A density functional theory study of CO oxidation on Pd-Ni alloy with sandwich structure
Abstract

Density functional theory calculations are performed to study CO oxidations on pure Pd(1 1 1) surface as well as on its Ni alloy nanostructures. Our calculations demonstrate a dependency of catalytic properties to the Ni occupancy site in the alloys. Furthermore, our results also show that optimal compressive strain (around 5%) of the alloy maybe beneficial to lower the reaction barrier and a compressive strain beyond 7% induces a distortion on the surface that eliminate the adsorption site for the reacting species. Based on our results, we propose that the Pd-Ni alloy with sandwich structure could be a potential candidate identified for lowering the cost of Pd alloys in the catalysis of the CO oxidation reaction. This new structure illustrates a potential lowering in the CO oxidation barrier. Furthermore, our results also indicate that the partial replacement of cheaper Ni into the Pd catalyst should not adversely affect the catalytic property.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (149 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► We demonstrated a dependency of catalytic properties to the Ni occupancy site in an alloy. ► Our results show that optimal compressive strain lowers the reaction barrier. ► A compressive strain beyond 7% induces a distortion that eliminates the adsorption. ► We propose that the Pd-Ni-Pd surface sandwich alloy is a good catalyst for CO oxidation reaction. ► This work will guide experimentalists in ways to improve the catalysts with a cheap metal.

Keywords
CO oxidation; Bimetallic alloy; Pd alloy; Pd-Ni; Sandwich structure; Heterogeneous catalysis
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A density functional theory study of CO oxidation on Pd-Ni alloy with sandwich structure
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 451, 31 January 2013, Pages 79–85
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us