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Structure of alumina supported vanadia catalysts for oxidative dehydrogenation of propane prepared by flame spray pyrolysis

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40569 45858 2013 9 PDF Available
Title
Structure of alumina supported vanadia catalysts for oxidative dehydrogenation of propane prepared by flame spray pyrolysis
Abstract

A series of five vanadia on alumina catalysts for oxidative dehydrogenation of propane to propene were synthesized by flame spray pyrolysis (FSP) using vanadium(III)acetylacetonate and aluminium(III)acetylacetonate dissolved in toluene as precursors. The vanadium loading was 2, 3, 5, 7.5 and 10 wt.%. The catalysts were subsequently characterized by BET surface area, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman, UV–vis diffuse reflectance and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) as well as measurement of the catalytic performance. The catalysts had specific surface areas from 143 to 169 m2/g corresponding to average particles diameters from 9.0 to 10.9 nm and apparent vanadia surface densities from 1.4 to 8.4 VOx/nm2. The only crystalline phase detected by XRD was γ-Al2O3, except at 10 wt.% vanadium where traces of crystalline vanadia were observed. Raman spectroscopy showed vanadia monomers at 2 and 3 wt.% V (1.4 and 2.1 VOx/nm2), a mixture of vanadia oligomers and monomers at 5 wt.% V (3.6 VOx/nm2) and mainly oligomers at 7.5 and 10 wt.% V (6.0 and 8.4 VOx/nm2). Diffuse reflectance UV–vis and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy measurements supported the results of Raman spectroscopy. In situ X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy showed that the vanadia can be reduced when operating at low oxygen concentrations. The catalyst performance was determined in fixed bed reactors with an inlet gas composition of C3H8/O2/N2 = 5/25/70. The main products were propene, CO and CO2, with traces of ethene and acrolein. Comparing propene selectivity as function of propane conversion the most selective catalysts were the 2 and 3 wt.% V samples, which contained mostly vanadia monomers according to Raman spectroscopy. The best propene yield of 12% was obtained with the 2 wt.% vanadium catalyst while the best space time yield of 0.78 gpropene/(gcat·h) at 488 °C was obtained with the 3 wt.% V catalyst.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (256 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► High surface area alumina supported vanadia prepared by flame spray pyrolysis. ► Supported vanadia monomers or oligomers were the products, not crystalline vanadia. ► Best selectivity to propene obtained for vanadia monomers. ► In situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy measurements for in operando structural analysis. ► Partial reduction of vanadia oligomers whereas vanadia monomers remain oxidized.

Keywords
Flame spray pyrolysis; Vanadia; Oxidative dehydrogenation; Propane; Propene; Nanoparticle
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Structure of alumina supported vanadia catalysts for oxidative dehydrogenation of propane prepared by flame spray pyrolysis
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 451, 31 January 2013, Pages 207–215
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us