Effect of catalyst synthesis parameters on the metal particle size
The effect of synthesis parameters on the metal particle size in final catalysts is reviewed. Several synthesis methods, such as impregnation, deposition precipitation, strong electrostatic adsorption together with stabilization of colloidal and supported metal particles are reported with the main emphasis on the effect of pH in the preparation. In addition to synthesis parameters, also properties of the support, for example point zero charge and specific surface area are of crucial importance. The results revealed that pH and support selection are very important in tuning the metal particle size, moreover aging of the slurry also changes the metal particle size. In addition to preparation the post-synthesis methods, such as washing, calcinations and reduction are shortly reported here. Thermodynamic and kinetic modeling of nanoparticle formation is also summarized here.
Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (52 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Review on the effect of catalyst synthesis parameters on the metal particle size. ► Emphasis on the pH effect and point zero charge in the catalyst preparation. ► Several synthesis methods discussed. ► Post-synthesis methods shortly reported. ► Thermodynamic and kinetic modeling of nanoparticle formation is presented.
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 451, 31 January 2013, Pages 251–281