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Simultaneous production of hydrogen and carbon nanostructured materials from ethanol over LaNiO3 and LaFeO3 perovskites as catalyst precursors

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40588 45859 2013 7 PDF Available
Title
Simultaneous production of hydrogen and carbon nanostructured materials from ethanol over LaNiO3 and LaFeO3 perovskites as catalyst precursors
Abstract

The simultaneous production of hydrogen and carbon materials from ethanol was studied using the perovskites LaNiO3 and LaFeO3 as catalyst precursors. The reaction was performed at temperatures between 700 °C and 900 °C with ethanol concentration of 50 vol%. Using LaNiO3, the yield of carbon materials is maximum at low temperature due to the presence of dense carbon like nanofibers while at higher temperatures, multiwalled carbon nanotubes are produced. A reaction temperature of 900 °C is necessary to obtain hydrogen and carbon materials with LaFeO3. The hydrogen yield reaches 16.2 L per hour and per gram of catalyst, hydrogen representing 70% in volume of the products in gas phase while methane is only 3.6%. We show that the perovskite LaFeO3 is reduced in situ under ethanol leading to the formation of Fe0 and Fe3C responsible for the carbon growth. A scheme is proposed for the growth of carbon material from the species obtained by LaFeO3 reduction. The morphology of carbon materials depends on the nature of the catalyst, MWCNTs are produced from LaNiO3 as catalyst precursor while twisted nanofibers are obtained from LaFeO3 at 900 °C.

Graphical abstract.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (96 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► LaFeO3 is reduced in situ under ethanol at 900 °C. ► With LaNiO3 as catalyst precursor, multiwalled carbon nanotubes are produced. ► With LaNiO3 higher yields are obtained at 700 °C compared to 900 °C. ► Twisted nanofibers are produced at 900 °C with LaFeO3.

Keywords
Perovskite; Hydrogen production; Carbon nanostructured materials; Ethanol decomposition
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Simultaneous production of hydrogen and carbon nanostructured materials from ethanol over LaNiO3 and LaFeO3 perovskites as catalyst precursors
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 450, 15 January 2013, Pages 73–79
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
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