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VOx/c-Al2O3 catalyst for oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane to ethylene: Desorption kinetics and catalytic activity

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40594 45859 2013 11 PDF Available
Title
VOx/c-Al2O3 catalyst for oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane to ethylene: Desorption kinetics and catalytic activity
Abstract

This study reports ethane oxidative dehydrogenation (ODH) using lattice oxygen. Ethane ODH is studied under an oxygen-free atmosphere employing a 10 wt.% VOx supported on c-Al2O3. TPR and TPO show that the prepared 10 wt.% VOx supported on c-alumina catalyst is a stable catalyst over repeated reduction and oxidation cycles. XRD shows the absence of V2O5 bulk surface species and a high dispersion of VOx on the support surface. Experiments are carried out in the CREC Fluidized Bed Riser Simulator at 550–600 °C and pressures close to atmospheric conditions. Reactivity tests show that the prepared ODH catalyst displays 6.5–27.6% ethane conversion and 57.6–84.5% ethylene selectivity in the 550–600 °C range. Metal–support interaction is assessed using ammonia TPD. This provides the desorption energy for both the bare c-Al2O3 support and for the VOx/c-Al2O3 catalyst. A slightly increased desorption energy is found when using the V-loaded catalyst. This shows low metal–support interactions and as a result, a well dispersed VOx catalyst phase with high availability of lattice oxygen for ODH. These findings are confirmed with XRD, showing no changes with respect to the XRD for the c-Al2O3 alumina support. This proves that there are no other species formed due to the interaction between the VOx surface species and the Al2O3 support.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (153 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► We developed a 10 wt.% VOx supported on c-Al2O3 fluidizable catalyst. ► We studied ODH in a fluidized bed in an O2-free atmosphere at 500–600 °C. ► Reactivity tests gave 6.5–27.6% ethane conversion and 57.6–84.5% ethylene selectivity. ► We used TPR and TPO to show catalyst stability over repeated reduction–oxidation cycles. ► We employed ammonia TPD to assess VOx–support interaction.

Keywords
NH3-TPD kinetics; Oxidative dehydrogenation; Ethylene; Vanadium oxide; Lattice oxygen; Riser simulator
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VOx/c-Al2O3 catalyst for oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane to ethylene: Desorption kinetics and catalytic activity
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 450, 15 January 2013, Pages 120–130
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us