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Carbon nanofiber supports for the preparation of Pt-based metal nanoparticles with high tolerance to sintering

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40603 45859 2013 11 PDF Available
Title
Carbon nanofiber supports for the preparation of Pt-based metal nanoparticles with high tolerance to sintering
Abstract

Fishbone-typed carbon nanofibers (CNFs) that were formed by methane decomposition over silica-supported Ni catalysts were used as catalytic supports for Pt or Pt–Co alloy nanoparticles. The treatment of CNFs with concentrated HNO3 led to the formation of porous structures as well as to the introduction of oxygen-containing functional groups. Pt metal particles of a few nanometers in diameter could be stabilized on the CNFs treated with HNO3 and showed a high tolerance to sintering at high temperatures, whereas Pt metal particles supported on the CNFs without any treatment were seriously aggregated at high temperatures. The porous structures and functional groups in the CNFs worked as anchoring sites for Pt metal nanoparticles. Thus, Pt–Co alloy particles of a few nanometers in diameter could be prepared by using the CNF support since the CNFs inhibited the sintering of the alloy particles during the treatment at high temperatures to allow for alloy formation.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (198 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Carbon nanofiber (CNF) formed by methane decomposition over Ni catalyst. ► Formation of pore structures in CNF by the treatment with concentrated HNO3. ► The pore structures of CNF support prevent the sintering of Pt metal particles. ► Effective CNF supports for the formation of Pt-based alloy nanoparticles.

Keywords
Carbon nanofibers; Pt metal nanoparticles; Pt–Co alloy nanoparticles; Pore structures; Resistance to sintering
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Carbon nanofiber supports for the preparation of Pt-based metal nanoparticles with high tolerance to sintering
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 450, 15 January 2013, Pages 211–221
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us