Alloyed Ni-Fe nanoparticles as catalysts for NH3 decomposition
A rational design approach was used to develop an alloyed Ni-Fe/Al2O3 catalyst for decomposition of ammonia. The dependence of the catalytic activity is tested as a function of the Ni-to-Fe ratio, the type of Ni-Fe alloy phase, the metal loading and the type of oxide support. In the tests with high temperatures and a low NH3-to-H2 ratio, the catalytic activity of the best Ni-Fe/Al2O3 catalyst was found to be comparable or even better to that of a more expensive Ru-based catalyst. Small Ni-Fe nanoparticle sizes are crucial for an optimal overall NH3 conversion because of a structural effect favoring the smallest particles in terms of catalytic activity per active site. Compared with SiO2, ZrO2 and TiO2, the support materials Al2O3 or Mg-Al-spinel give the highest performance in the high temperature range.
Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (290 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Non-noble metal Ni-Fe alloy catalysts for NH3 decomposition. ► Promising catalysts for high temperature NH3 decomposition. ► Structural sensitivity: increasing activity for decreasing particle sizes. ► Of various support oxides: Al2O3-based support materials give the best performance.
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volumes 447–448, 7 December 2012, Pages 22–31