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Efficient route for oxazolidinone synthesis using heterogeneous biopolymer catalysts from unactivated alkyl aziridine and CO2 under mild conditions

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40625 45860 2012 8 PDF Available
Title
Efficient route for oxazolidinone synthesis using heterogeneous biopolymer catalysts from unactivated alkyl aziridine and CO2 under mild conditions
Abstract

Biopolymers made of polysaccharide chains are emerging as promising materials for designing efficient, cheap, environmental friendly and recyclable heterogeneous catalysts. In this study, we synthesized a series of covalently functionalized chitosan-alkyl pyridinium halides (CS-RPX, R = ethyl, propyl, butyl, hexyl and X = Cl, Br) and evaluated their potential application as catalysts for the chemical transformation of CO2 to 4-methyl-2-oxazolidinone using 2-methylaziridine under mild reaction conditions. The catalysts were characterized using different physicochemical methods, including X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA), elemental analysis (EA) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). 1H NMR, GC–MS, EA and FT-IR were used to confirm successful oxazolidinone formation. Cycloaddition was found to proceed through the synergistic effect of the hydroxyl and amine groups of chitosan together with the anion. The catalyst was reused five times after the cycloaddition reaction, with a loss of 2–6% in conversion and 1–3% in selectivity per cycle. The effect of different reaction parameters, such as catalyst amount, time, temperature and CO2 pressure were studied to determine the reaction conditions that resulted in the highest conversion and selectivity.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (114 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Covalent functionalization of alkyl pyridinium halides to chitosan (CS-RPX). ► CS-RPX catalyst for efficient oxazolidinone synthesis. ► Synergism offered by hydroxyl, amino and anion of catalyst unit for cycloaddition. ► Recycled the catalyst up to five consecutive cycles.

Keywords
Chitosan; Pyridinium ionic liquids; Carbondioxide; 2-Methylaziridine, 4-Methyloxazolidin-2-one
First Page Preview
Efficient route for oxazolidinone synthesis using heterogeneous biopolymer catalysts from unactivated alkyl aziridine and CO2 under mild conditions
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volumes 447–448, 7 December 2012, Pages 107–114
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis