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Mechanistic study of the palladium-catalyzed ethyne hydrogenation by the Temporal Analysis of Products technique

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40657 45861 2012 8 PDF Available
Title
Mechanistic study of the palladium-catalyzed ethyne hydrogenation by the Temporal Analysis of Products technique
Abstract

The gas-phase hydrogenation of ethyne over Pd/Al2O3 is studied using the Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP) reactor, leading to valuable insights into the reaction mechanism. The exceptional time resolution of this transient technique enables to capture the hydrogenation of the carbon–carbon triple bond via the sequential addition of hydrogen. Hydrogen/deuterium exchange experiments demonstrate the dissociative and reversible adsorption of H2 on palladium. Conversion and selectivity change at early stages of the reaction as a consequence of the formation of a stable carbide layer. The alkene/alkane ratio was markedly higher in TAP compared to reported flow data, due to the mbar pressure operation of the technique. In this regime, the formation of subsurface hydrogen is unfavorable, enabling the assessment of the sole effect of reactants coverage on the product distribution, that is, in the absence of unselective hydride phases. Mechanistic aspects related to the use of carbon monoxide as a selectivity enhancer are also discussed.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (145 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► The TAP reactor provides insights into the Pd-catalyzed partial hydrogenation of ethyne. ► The product ethene:ethane ratio is higher under the low-pressure conditions in the TAP reactor. ► The formation of subsurface hydrogen is unfavorable in the mbar pressure range. ► The influence of the H coverage is studied in the absence of unselective hydride phases. ► The Horiuti–Polanyi and Langmuir–Hinshelwood schemes were experimentally supported.

Keywords
Ethyne hydrogenation; Pd catalyst; Mechanism; Selectivity; Temporal Analysis of Products; Pressure gap
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Mechanistic study of the palladium-catalyzed ethyne hydrogenation by the Temporal Analysis of Products technique
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volumes 439–440, 10 October 2012, Pages 163–170
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us