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The roles of CeyZr1−yO2 in propane dehydrogenation: Enhancing catalytic stability and decreasing coke combustion temperature

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40671 45862 2012 8 PDF Available
Title
The roles of CeyZr1−yO2 in propane dehydrogenation: Enhancing catalytic stability and decreasing coke combustion temperature
Abstract

The influence of CeyZr1−yO2 content (0 < y < 1) in Pt-Sn/xCeZr-Al catalysts, where x was the weight percentage of (Ce + Zr) and calculated as [mass of (Ce + Zr)] × 100/[mass of (Ce + Zr + Al2O3)], on stability and regeneration temperature in propane dehydrogenation was studied using a fixed-bed reactor at 600 °C and 1 bar of pressure. The XRD data revealed that CeyZr1−yO2 phases were formed over xCeZr-Al (x ≠ 0) supports and the concentration of Zr4+ ions in these phases increased when the CeyZr1−yO2 content was increased. The band of oxygen vacancies characterized by Raman spectra at ca. 620–645 cm−1 was strongly dependent on catalyst processing; introduction of metal (Pt, Sn) and/or re-calcination created more oxygen vacancies in the catalysts. The XRD patterns and XPS data of the reduced Pt-Sn/xCeZr-Al catalysts did not indicate the formation of Pt-Sn alloys. The XPS and CO-IR spectra demonstrated that Pt became more electron deficient with increasing CeyZr1−yO2 content. The higher catalytic stability and lower coke combustion temperature (regeneration temperature) were obtained with a higher CeyZr1−yO2 content in Pt-Sn/xCeZr-Al catalysts.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (186 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► The role of CeyZr1−yO2 in Pt-Sn/xCeZr-Al was investigated in propane dehydrogenation. ► The presence of CeyZr1−yO2 was crucial for ensuring catalytic stability. ► The presence of CeyZr1−yO2 was crucial for a low regeneration temperature. ► The regeneration temperatures could be tailored by varying the CeyZr1−yO2 content.

Keywords
Dehydrogenation; Ceria zirconia; Deactivation; Coke combustion
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The roles of CeyZr1−yO2 in propane dehydrogenation: Enhancing catalytic stability and decreasing coke combustion temperature
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volumes 443–444, 7 November 2012, Pages 59–66
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
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