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Effect of Ti and Al addition via direct synthesis to SBA-15 as support for cobalt based Fischer-Tropsch catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40673 45862 2012 11 PDF Available
Title
Effect of Ti and Al addition via direct synthesis to SBA-15 as support for cobalt based Fischer-Tropsch catalysts
Abstract

Different mesoporous SBA-15 supports doped with Ti and Al at 5 and 10 wt% have been synthesized by means of direct synthesis. The supports have been characterized by N2-adsorption, X-ray diffraction (XRD), temperature-programmed reduction (TPR), NH3-temperature programmed desorption (NH3-TPD), H2-chemisorption, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Titanium doped materials showed to have much shorter channels than the pristine SBA-15, while aluminum addition did not have a significant effect on channel length.After impregnation with 12 wt% Co, the catalysts were further characterized and tested in the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis at industrially relevant process conditions (483 K, 20 bar, H2/CO ratio = 2.1, pellet size: 53–90 μm) with and without external water addition. The SC5+SC5+ values of the different SBA-supported catalysts were low, especially at low conversion levels (i.e. low water partial pressure), suggesting that CO diffusion limitations increased the H2/CO ratio inside the 1-dimensional (1D) porous network.The selectivity data showed a correlation between the channel length and the extent of CO-diffusion limitations at much shorter diffusion distances than those for conventional 3D porous supports. Water partial pressure showed to increase the syngas diffusion rate (i.e. removal of diffusion limitations on reactants’ arrival), to have a positive kinetic effect on the rate and to favor longer chain hydrocarbons.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (142 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► SBA-15 supports doped with Al and Ti by direct synthesis kept hexagonal structure. ► The addition of titanium resulted in a decrease in channel length. ► All samples showed CO-diffusion limitations at low conversion level in FTS. ► Diffusion limitations were removed by a higher water partial pressure. ► Water addition increased the STY to HCs and SC5+SC5+ but enhanced the deactivation.

Keywords
Fischer-Tropsch; SBA-15; Doping; Diffusion limitations; Water
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Effect of Ti and Al addition via direct synthesis to SBA-15 as support for cobalt based Fischer-Tropsch catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volumes 443–444, 7 November 2012, Pages 76–86
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
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