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Ammonia decomposition over Ni/La2O3 catalyst for on-site generation of hydrogen

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40678 45862 2012 6 PDF Available
Title
Ammonia decomposition over Ni/La2O3 catalyst for on-site generation of hydrogen
Abstract

Ammonia decomposition is a promising process for on-site generation of hydrogen. In this study, various nickel catalysts supported on metal oxides were prepared and their catalytic activity for ammonia decomposition was investigated. Ni/Al2O3 catalyst achieved the highest ammonia conversion among catalysts investigated due to the high surface area of Al2O3 support (200 m2 g−1). Despite the low surface area of support material (4.7 m2 g−1), the catalytic activity of Ni/La2O3 was comparable to that of Ni/Al2O3. The basicity of support materials was not specifically related with the catalytic activity. For Ni/La2O3 catalyst, the small nickel particles were deposited over La2O3 from LaNiO3 during the reduction treatment. When the Ni loading amount was changed in the range of 10–70 wt% for Ni/La2O3 catalyst, the sample with 40 wt% Ni exhibited the highest conversion of 78.9% at 550 °C. The catalytic performance of Ni/La2O3 was also affected by the preparation method and calcination temperature. The LaNiO3 formation was responsible for the high activity of Ni/La2O3 catalyst for the ammonia decomposition.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (67 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► We prepared nickel catalysts supported on various metal oxides. ► We studied the activity of nickel catalysts for ammonia decomposition. ► The Ni/La2O3 catalyst exhibited relatively high activity. ► The extent of LaNiO3 formation was a key factor for catalytic activity of Ni/La2O3.

Keywords
Ammonia decomposition; Nickel catalyst; Support effect; Lanthanum nickelate
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Ammonia decomposition over Ni/La2O3 catalyst for on-site generation of hydrogen
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volumes 443–444, 7 November 2012, Pages 119–124
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us