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Simultaneous conversion of triacylglycerides and fatty acids into fatty acid methyl esters using organometallic tin(IV) compounds as catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40688 45862 2012 5 PDF Available
Title
Simultaneous conversion of triacylglycerides and fatty acids into fatty acid methyl esters using organometallic tin(IV) compounds as catalysts
Abstract

Three Sn(IV) complexes, named butyl stannoic acid (BTA), di-n-butyl-oxo-stannane (DBTO) and dibutyltin dilaurate (DBTDL), were initially tested as catalysts for esterification reaction of fatty acids in the presence of methanol as alcoholysis agent. Parameters like reaction time, temperature, and catalyst amount were systematically evaluated in this work. All complexes were active at relative high reaction temperatures, but BTA displayed the highest activity. Former studies have already demonstrated that these same complexes display good catalytic activity in methanolysis of triacylglycerides (TAGs). These results prompted us to test BTA catalyst also in simultaneous esterification/transesterification reactions from a mixture of free fatty acids (FFAs) and TAGs in the presence of methanol. BTA was able to convert the mixtures in to fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) with good yields, with simple isolation processes. The results obtained and discussed in this work can help the development of new catalytic systems to biodiesel production from oils with very high acid content.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (73 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► All complexes based on Sn(IV) are active in esterification. ► BTA is able to convert simultaneously TAG and FFA in FAMEs with high yields. ► It is possible to convert oils with very high FFAs content into FAMEs.

Keywords
Transesterification; Esterification; Simultaneous transesterification and esterification; Biodiesel; Tin catalysts; Chemical computational studies
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Simultaneous conversion of triacylglycerides and fatty acids into fatty acid methyl esters using organometallic tin(IV) compounds as catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volumes 443–444, 7 November 2012, Pages 202–206
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us