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Heats of adsorption of linearly adsorbed CO species on Co2+ and Co° sites of reduced Co/Al2O3 catalysts in relationship with the CO/H2 reaction

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40693 45863 2012 13 PDF Available
Title
Heats of adsorption of linearly adsorbed CO species on Co2+ and Co° sites of reduced Co/Al2O3 catalysts in relationship with the CO/H2 reaction
Abstract

IR spectra in transmission mode are used to measure the heats of adsorption at different coverages θ:E(θ), of two linearly adsorbed CO species formed on Co2+ and Co° sites (noted LCo2+LCo2+ and LCo°) of reduced x% Co/Al2O3 (wt%, x ≤ 10) catalysts according to the adsorption equilibrium infrared spectroscopy procedure developed previously. For LCo2+LCo2+ species characterized by an IR band at 2151 cm−1, ELCo2+(θ)ELCo2+(θ) varies linearly with θ   from ELCo2+(1)=45 kJ/molELCo2+(1)=45 kJ/mol to ELCo2+(0)=52 kJ/molELCo2+(0)=52 kJ/mol. These values are modified by the presence of neither Co° particles nor carbon deposition (from CO disproportionation reaction) nor H2 using CO/H2 gas mixtures. During the CO adsorption at high temperatures (i.e. 538 K), C deposition on the surface and in the bulk of the cobalt particles modifies the Co° adsorption sites. This leads to a transformation LCo° (IR band at 2020 cm−1) → LCo°C (IR band at 2060 cm−1) where LCo°C denotes a linear CO species formed on Co° sites modified by the C deposition. The heat of adsorption of the LCo°C species varies linearly with its coverage from ELCo°C(1)=93 kJ/molELCo°C(1)=93 kJ/mol to ELCo°C(0)=165 kJ/molELCo°C(0)=165 kJ/mol. In the presence of H2 with a ratio H2/CO = 10, the C deposition is strongly decreased and the LCo° species dominates the surface of the cobalt particles. However, in these conditions its hydrogenation into CH4 disturbs its adsorption equilibrium in a large coverage range and only ELCo°(1)=108 kJ/molELCo°(1)=108 kJ/mol has been determined. For a ratio H2/CO = 3, the carbon deposition cannot be prevented leading to the formation of the LCo°C species. It is shown that the ELCo°C(θ)ELCo°C(θ) values are not modified by the presence of adsorbed hydrogen. The heats of adsorption of the different adsorbed CO species on Co° sites are consistent with some literature data on DFT calculations and experimental values obtained on model cobalt surfaces (i.e. single crystals). In particular, they confirm DFT calculations which indicate that the C deposition on reduced cobalt particles decreases slightly the heats of adsorption of the linear CO species adsorbed on Co° sites.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (273 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Adsorption equilibrium infrared spectroscopy method. ► Heats of adsorption of linear CO species on reduced Co/Al2O3 solids. ► Impacts of Cads species formed by the CO disproportionation. ► Impacts of the H2/CO ratio.

Keywords
FTIR; AEIR method; CO adsorption; Cobalt catalysts; Heats of adsorption; Carbon deposition; CO/H2 reaction
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Heats of adsorption of linearly adsorbed CO species on Co2+ and Co° sites of reduced Co/Al2O3 catalysts in relationship with the CO/H2 reaction
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volumes 445–446, 28 November 2012, Pages 1–13
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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