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Development of an efficient catalyst from magnetite ore: Characterization and catalytic potential in the ozonation of water toxic contaminants

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40697 45863 2012 8 PDF Available
Title
Development of an efficient catalyst from magnetite ore: Characterization and catalytic potential in the ozonation of water toxic contaminants
Abstract

This study presents the preparation, characterization and activity of a novel natural mineral-based catalyst for the ozonation of water recalcitrant compounds. The raw and calcined magnetite had the specific surface area of 27 m2/g and 34 m2/g, respectively. The effects of solution pH, catalyst dose, model dye concentration, and reaction time on the degradation and mineralization of a selected reactive azo dye viz. Reactive Red-120 (RR-120) were evaluated. Calcined magnetite attained greater catalytic potential than the raw ore in the degradation of RR-120. Oxidation via radical species on the surface of the catalyst was the main mechanism of RR-120 degradation in the developed catalytic ozonation process, occurring with a pseudo-first-order reaction rate at a constant of 0.082 min−1 under the optimum pH of 11 and catalyst dose of 3 g/L. Accordingly, considering its abundance in nature together with its very high catalytic potential, calcined magnetite is a promising and reliable catalytic material for the ozonation of inhibitory and recalcitrant compounds in water and wastewater.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (104 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► The work is the first to demonstrate the preparation of the calcined magnetite from magnetite ore. ► The calcined magnetite was very active in catalyzing the ozonation of the reactive azo dyes. ► The ozonation with calcined magnetite achieved a mineralization degree much greater than does single ozonation. ► The calcined magnetite powder could be efficiently reused and thus is a stable catalyst.

Keywords
Toxic compounds; Reactive dyes; Ozonation; Catalyst; Degradation
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Development of an efficient catalyst from magnetite ore: Characterization and catalytic potential in the ozonation of water toxic contaminants
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volumes 445–446, 28 November 2012, Pages 42–49
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us