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Ethanol steam reforming over Co/CeO2 catalysts: Investigation of the effect of ceria morphology

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40746 45864 2012 12 PDF Available
Title
Ethanol steam reforming over Co/CeO2 catalysts: Investigation of the effect of ceria morphology
Abstract

Co catalysts supported on ceria supports with different morphologies such as nano-rods (NR) and nano-cubes (NC) were investigated in regard to their activity for ethanol steam reforming. Ceria supports were prepared using the hydrothermal method where the particle shape is manipulated by controlling the pH and pressure of the precipitation environment. Structural characterization with TEM and XRD showed the two morphologies to be similar in particle size, but different in the exposure of different crystal planes. The nano-cubes had a higher exposure of the (1 1 0) plane, which is known to have a higher affinity for creating anion vacancies and surface defects. Controlled atmosphere X-ray absorption fine structure analysis, temperature programmed reduction/oxidation, dispersion measurements and steady-state reaction performance tests showed significant differences between the two catalysts. Co catalysts supported on nanocubes showed higher reducibility compared to those supported on nanorods or commercial supports of similar particle size. These catalysts also showed high H2 and CO2 yields in the 400–500 °C range whereas Co/CeO2(NR) had limited carbon cleavage activity and were only active for dehydrogenation and dehydration. The superior performance of Co/CeO2(NC) catalysts is thought to be due to a combination of factors, including improved metal dispersion, increased reducibility and higher oxygen mobility.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (222 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Co catalysts supported on ceria supports with different morphologies were investigated. ► Two distinct morphologies examined were nano-rods and nano-cubes. ► Catalysts were evaluated for their performance in ethanol steam reforming. ► TEM and XRD showed preferred orientation of different crystal planes in the two morphologies. ► Distinct differences in dispersion, reducibility, pore size distribution and catalytic performance were observed.

Keywords
EXAFS; Cobalt; Morphology; Ceria; Ethanol steam reforming
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 449, 27 December 2012, Pages 47–58
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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